Pulp and Paper
Food and Beverage
For systems regulated for phosphorus reduction, keeping track of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) enhances the management of the (BPR) process, which helps fine-tune the overall functionality of the treatment process.
Several compound classes unique to petrochemical refinery processes are Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), Gasoline Range Organics (GRO), Diesel Range Organics (DRO), and BTEX compounds. These compounds typically form from the refining process. As these compounds enter the wastewater treatment system, treatment can be negatively impacted with high concentrations. For several of these compounds, the EPA has limited the amount that can be discharged to the receiving body of water due to the known carcinogen potential.